Hesperia Supplements

The Hesperia Supplement series presents book-length studies in the fields of Greek archaeology, art, language, and history. Originally designed to accommodate extended essays too long for inclusion in the journal Hesperia, the series was started in 1937. Since that date the Supplements have established a strong identity of their own, and are now recognized as one of the most prestigious publication venues in Greek studies. They range in format from single author monographs, through excavation reports, to major edited collections on topics of interest to researchers in classics, archaeology, art history, and Hellenic studies. Hesperia Supplements appear irregularly, but there are usually one to two published each year. Each Supplement is peer-reviewed, edited, and produced to the highest standards.

Hesperia and Hesperia Supplements are published by the American School of Classical Studies at Athens. You can order current versions online through Oxbow Books.

Hesperia Supplement

Prytaneis: A Study of the Inscriptions Honoring the Athenian Councillors


Author: Dow, Sterling
Publication Date: 1937
Volume: 1

Prytaneis were the executive officers in charge of the Athenian council (or boule) after its reorganization by Cleisthenes in the 6th century B.C. This study presents all documents recovered from the Athenian Agora relating to the prytaneis, beginning in 327/6 B.C. and ending in the reign of Augustus. 121 of the inscriptions are previously unpublished. Each inscription is presented with detailed epigraphic apparatus, and most are illustrated.

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Hesperia Supplement

Late Geometric Graves and a Seventh-Century Well in the Agora


Author: Young, R. S.
Publication Date: 1939
Volume: 2

The entire contents of a small Geometric period (900-700 B.C.) cemetery of twenty graves, found just south of the Tholos in the Athenian Agora, are catalogued in this book. Three additional graves, a well, and selection of isolated finds provide the author with a mass of Geometric and proto-Attic pottery from which to develop important typological observations about Attic ceramics at this formative period.

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Hesperia Supplement

The Tholos of Athens and Its Predecessors


Author: Thompson, H. A.
Publication Date: 1940
Volume: 3

Famous classical buildings, such as the Parthenon, are preserved in such monumental isolation that it is hard to reconstruct the effect that they might have had on the ancient visitor. Their setting relative to other buildings, to statues, and surrounding vegetation is lost to us. This book presents a forensic examination of the archaeological remains on the Acropolis to reconstruct the immediate surroundings of one of the most striking monuments of antiquity.

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Hesperia Supplement

Observations on the Hephaisteion


Author: Dinsmoor, W. B.
Publication Date: 1941
Volume: 5

The well-preserved Temple of Hephaistos, standing on a low hill to the west of the Athenian Agora, was one of the only monuments visible when American excavations began on the site in 1931. Known throughout its early modern history as the “Theseum,” it is still the Agora’s most conspicuous landmark. This book presents an extremely detailed architectural study of the temple and a reconstruction of its history. Inaugurated in 449 B.C. (on October 17, claims the author), the temple was one of a group of building projects that celebrated the defeat of the Persians and the growth of Athenian power. In the 5th century A.D. the temple was converted to a Christian church and was used as such until the 19th century.

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Hesperia Supplement

Commemorative Studies in Honor of Theodore Leslie Shear


Publication Date: 1949
Volume: 8

Among many other accomplishments, T. Leslie Shear was Director of the American School excavations at the Athenian Agora when they began in 1931. He was also closely involved with excavations at ancient Corinth, excavated by the School since 1896. It is fitting, therefore, that the majority of the 45 contributors to this memorial volume focus on materials from these two excavations. The book includes a bibliography of Shear’s work.

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Hesperia Supplement

Horoi: Studies in Mortgage, Real Security, and Land Tenure in Ancient Athens


Author: Fine, J. V. A.
Publication Date: 1951
Volume: 9

Horos markers were used to indicate when a property was mortgaged and who the creditors were. This study publishes known examples from ancient Athens and explores how the mortgage system may have worked. The book contains eight chapters: Chapter I presents 35 new horos mortgage inscriptions. Chapter II contains references to, or transcriptions of, all other known horos mortgage stones. Chapter III is devoted to a discussion of the use and physical properties of stone horoi and to the possible use of wooden horoi. Chapters V to VII provide careful analyses of the various kinds of contracts drawn up by the Athenians when the security consisted of real property. Chapter VIII attempts to date the introduction of mortgage contracts at Athens and to explain the lateness of this date—the earliest horos example probably dates to after the Peloponnesian War.

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Hesperia Supplement

The Athenian Constitution after Sulla


Author: Geagan, D. J.
Publication Date: 1967
Volume: 12

This book aims to examine the text of every known Athenian inscription datable to the period after the new constitution of Sulla (ca. 68 B.C.) and to reconstruct information about the civic offices and institutions established in this period. The author therefore presents all the evidence he has found for the duties of major officials, councillors, and minor magistrates. He compares this information with the earlier picture painted by Aristotle in his study of the Constitution of the Athenians, and shows that many changes took place in the Roman period.

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Hesperia Supplement

Marcus Aurelius: Aspects of Civic and Cultural Policy in the East


Author: Oliver, J. H.
Publication Date: 1970
Volume: 13

An important inscription, found in the Roman market place in Athens, is here published for the first time. Although fragmentary, it preserves the text of a formal letter from Marcus Aurelius directed to the Athenians in the year A.D. 174/5. The Roman emperor’s decisions in cases concerning office holding, membership of the council, and the appointment of the Athenian members of the Panhellenion (the council of cities established by Hadrian) are recorded. Elicited by a complaint to the emperor from prominent citizens, the letter also sheds light on the brutal political quarrels that swirled around the Athenian administrator, Herodes Atticus, builder of some of Athens’s best-known monuments.

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Hesperia Supplement

The Political Organization of Attica


Author: Traill, J. H.
Publication Date: 1975
Volume: 14

Using inscriptions recording council membership recovered by excavations in the Athenian Agora, the author presents a detailed reconstruction of the political geography of Attica. The reforms of the 6th-century B.C. politician Cleisthenes organized Athenian citizens into ten tribes (phylai), divided into thirty “thirds” (trittyes) and 139 local units (demes). The author shows how this visionary arrangement was maintained almost unchanged until at least 200 B.C. and provided the basis for the whole representative system at the center of ancient democracy. Charts and tables document the evidence in great detail, but the whole arrangement is made easier to understand by the inclusion of a color map, the basis for almost all scholarship on Athenian politics since this book was first published.

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Hesperia Supplement

Kallias of Sphettos and the Revolt of Athens in 286 B.C.


Author: Shear, T. L. Jr.
Publication Date: 1978
Volume: 17

The long honorary decree for Kallias of Sphettos, found in the excavations of the Athenian Agora in 1971, is here published for the first time, illustrated with general and detailed photographs, with a translation and line-by-line commentary. The author has further explored the wealth of information to be gathered from the inscription, which adds greatly to our understanding of Athenian history between the battle of Ipsos in 301 and the battle of Kouroupedion in 286 B.C., the ensuing peace with Demetrios, and the acquisition of foreign aid for the nationalist regime. These discussions are followed by an appendix giving the Greek texts of the literary and epigraphic testimonia, and a chronological table, which provides a historical summary at a glance for this troubled period.

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Hesperia Supplement

Studies in Attic Epigraphy, History, and Topography Presented to Eugene Vanderpool


Publication Date: 1982
Volume: 19

Twenty-six papers on the epigraphy, history, and topography of ancient Greece presented to the famous scholar by his eminent students and friends. The contents are: A Lid with Dipinto (Alan L. Boegehold); Athenians, Macedonians, and the Origins of the Macedonian Royal House (Eugene N. Borza); Koroni and Keos (John L. Caskey); Epicurus in the Archives of Athens (Diskin Clay); The Nature of the Late Fifth Century Revision of the Athenian Law Code (Kevin Clinton); Theseus and the Unification of Attica (Steven Diamant); Onesippos’ Herm (Colin N. Edmonson); Gennadeion Notes v. the Journal of Thomas Whitcombe, Philhellene (C. W. J. Eliot); A Lekythos in Toronto and the Golden Youth of Athens (Henry R. Immerwahr); The Leasing of Land in Rhamnous (Michael H. Jameson); Writing and Spelling on Ostraka (Mabel L. Lang); Some Attic Walls (Merle K. Langdon); Dodwellopolis: Addendum to “Fortified Military Camps in Attica” (James R. McCredie); Athens and Hestiaia (Malcolm F. McGregor); Thucydides and the Decrees of Kallias (Benjamin D. Meritt); Arrian in Two Roles (James H. Oliver); The Dedication of Aristokrates (Antony E. Raubitschek); The Pnyx in Models (Homer A. Thompson); The Alleged Conservatism of Attic Epigraphical Documents: A Different View (Leslie Threatte); Agora I 7181 + IG II, 2, 944b (Stephen V. Tracy); An Interpretation of Six Rock-Cut Inscriptions in the Attic Demes of Lamptrai (John S. Traill); PARADEIGMA (John Travlos and E. L. Smithson); Regulations for an Athenian Festival (Michael B. Walbank); The Final Battle at Plataia (Paul W. Wallace); An Attic Farm near Laurion (Livingston Vance Watrous); Sepulturae Intra Urbem and the Pre-Persian Walls of Athens (F. E. Winter).

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Hesperia Supplement

Studies in Athenian Architecture, Sculpture, and Topography Presented to Homer A. Thompson


Publication Date: 1982
Volume: 20

Twenty-one papers on various aspects of Athenian art and society by the students and friends of Homer A. Thompson, a noted classical archaeologist and excavator of the Athenian Agora. The volume includes many papers on sculpture (including Nancy Bookidis on Attic terracotta sculpture and Brunhilde Ridgway on the features of kouroi and korai in Archaic Athens), some on architecture (including William B. Dinsmoor Jr. on the Pinakotheke), and a few on topography (including Sara Immerwahr on “the earliest known grave in Athens” and Evelyn Smithson on evidence for a prehistoric Klepsydra).

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Hesperia Supplement

Attic Grave Reliefs That Represent Women in the Dress of Isis


Author: Walters, E. J.
Publication Date: 1988
Volume: 22

The author investigates the appearance of a fashion in clothing, involving a knotted mantle worn across the chest, on many Attic stelae of the Roman period. She suggests that this style can be traced to Egyptian roots, and might have been particularly associated with a cult of Isis, popular among wealthy Athenians. The book presents a catalogue of the 106 known Isis reliefs from Attica and a review of all forms of evidence for the cult.

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Hesperia Supplement

Hellenistic Relief Molds from the Athenian Agora


Author: Grandjouan, C.
Publication Date: 1989
Volume: 23

Over 100 clay molds found between 1931 and 1977 in the fills within the three great Hellenistic stoas that once lined the Agora (the Middle Stoa, the Stoa of Attalos, and the South Stoa) are published in this book. While the repertory of images that could have been cast using them, comprising 25 subjects, is relatively conventional, the large size (up to 30 x 60 cm) makes their function a puzzle. The author concludes that they must have been for the casting of cheap funerary substitutes at a time when a decree of Demetrios of Phaleron prohibited the building of costly burial monuments in Athens. After the author’s death in 1982, this volume was edited by Eileen Markson and Susan I. Rotroff.

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Hesperia Supplement

Debris from a Public Dining Place in the Athenian Agora


Authors: Rotroff, S. I., Oakley, J. H.
Publication Date: 1992
Volume: 25

In 1972 a large deposit of pottery and other finds from the mid-5th century B.C. were found in a pit just west of the Royal Stoa in the Athenian Agora. It contained many fragments of figured pottery, more than half of which were large drinking vessels. 21 fragments were inscribed with a graffito known to be a mark of public ownership. The authors conclude that the pottery is refuse from one of the public dining facilities that served the magistrates of Classical Athens. The volume examines the archaeological context and chronology of the deposit and gives a detailed analysis of all the finds. A complete catalogue arranges the finds by type and in chronological order.

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Hesperia Supplement

The Athenian Grain-Tax Law of 374/3 B.C.


Author: Stroud, R. S.
Publication Date: 1998
Volume: 29

The first publication of a complex and well-preserved Athenian law of great interest to historians. Discovered in the Agora Excavations in 1986, this hitherto unknown law rivals in importance that of the law on silver coinage of 375/4 B.C., which was published by the author some twenty years ago. In addition to the complete text, translation, and notes on readings, the author, a superb epigrapher, provides commentary on the many parts of this document, which contributes significant new information on the history, law, economy, topography, and public finance of Athens in the Classical period. The first section of the volume includes an expert analysis of the layout of the inscription and useful notes, while the major portion of the text is devoted to detailed commentary on the law, its purpose, and implementation. The historical setting of the law is well-illuminated in the final section. The authors analyses of this important inscription provide a solid foundation for new avenues of research.

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Hesperia Supplement

Ceramicus Redivivus: The Early Iron Age Potters’ Field in the Area of the Classical Athenian Agora


Author: Papadopoulos, J. K.
Publication Date: 2003
Volume: 31

This volume presents selected material associated with potters' workshops and pottery production from some 14 Early Iron Age contexts northwest of the Athenian Acropolis that range in date from the Protogeometric through Archaic periods. Located in the area that was to become the Agora of Classical Athens, these deposits establish that the place was used for industrial activity until it was formally transformed into the civic and commercial center of the city in the early 5th century B.C. The Early Iron Age potters' debris published in this volume sheds light on many aspects of pottery production, in prehistory as well as in the Classical and later periods. The material includes test-pieces, wasters and other production discards. There is also a reassessment of the evidence associated with the kiln underlying the later Tholos.

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Hesperia Supplement

Fragmentary Inscriptions from the Athenian Agora


Author: Walbank, M. B.
Publication Date: 2008
Volume: 38

This volume publishes the editiones principes of the most fragmentary inscriptions found during excavations in the Athenian Agora between 1931 and 1967. These comprise parts of 100 decrees of the Athenian state and other political bodies. Each of the inscriptions is illustrated and described, with a transcription of the legible letters and commentary.

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Excavations in the Athenian Agora are conducted by the American School of Classical Studies.
Primary funding is provided by the Packard Humanities Institute (PHI).